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Electrophoresis. 2007 Feb;28(3):429-36.

Analysis of serine proteases from marine sponges by 2-D zymography.

Author information

1
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias y Tecnología, Universidad de Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela. jwilkesm@uc.edu.ve

Abstract

Proteolytic activities isolated from the marine demosponges Geodia cydonium and Suberites domuncula were analyzed by 2-D zymography, a technique that combines IEF and zymography. After purification, a 200 kDa proteolytically active protein band was obtained from G. cydonium when analyzed in gelatin copolymerized 1-D zymograms. The enzymatic activity was quantified using alpha-N-benzoyl-D-arginine p-nitroanilide (BAPNA) as a substrate and corresponded to a serine protease. The protease activity was resistant to urea and SDS. DTT and 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) did not significantly change the protease activity, but induced a shift in molecular mass of the proteolytic band to lower M(r) values as detected by zymography. Under mild denaturing conditions, lower M(r) bands (<200 kDa) were identified in 1-D zymograms, suggesting that the protease is composed of subunits which retain the catalytic activity. After 2-D zymography, the protease from G. cydonium revealed a pI of 8.0 and an M(r) shift from 200 to 66 kDa. To contrast these results, a cytosolic sample from S. domuncula was analyzed. The proteolytic activity of this sponge after 2-D zymography corresponded to an M(r) of 40 kDa and a pI of 4.0. The biological function of both sponge proteases is not yet known. This study demonstrates that mild denaturing conditions required for IEF may alter the interpretation of the 2-D zymography, and care must be taken during sample preparation.

PMID:
17195259
DOI:
10.1002/elps.200600332
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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