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Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2006 Dec;54(6):517-27.

[Prevalence of pressure sores in a university hospital in 2003].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Département d'Information et d'Informatique Médicale, CHU de Nice, Hôpital de Cimiez, 4, avenue Reine-Victoria, BP 1179, 06003 Nice Cedex 1.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To determine the prevalence of pressure sores in a university hospital and to assess the risk of developing a pressure sore.

METHODS:

A one-day survey was performed in all hospitalized patients, day hospital excepted. The Garches scale was used to assess the severity of pressure sores and the Braden scale was used to measure the patient's risk for the development of pressure ulcers.

RESULTS:

One thousand six hundred and eleven patients were included, mean age was 62+/-23 years and 53.3% were over 65 years old. In hospitalized patients, 64% were in acute care, 29% in intermediate medicine and long-term care and 7% in intensive care units. We have found 675 pressure sores in 268 patients, mean age of 76 years; 263 decubitus ulcers were acquired during hospitalization. The most frequent sites were heels (46%) and sacrum (26%). Stage 1 pressure ulcers showed 33% of the total. The total prevalence was 16.6%, 95% CI (14.9-18.6), the hospital acquired pressure sores prevalence was 7.5%, all stages included. A Braden score less than or equal to 15 was found in 29.1% of hospitalized patients. Standard mattresses were used in 37% of patients with pressure sores. Multivariate analysis showed that age and a Braden score less than or equal to 15 were significantly associated with pressure sores.

CONCLUSION:

Pressure sores are still an important problem in hospital; occurrence must be considered as an iatrogenic event and management requires a multidisciplinary approach.

PMID:
17194983
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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