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J Infect Dis. 1991 Nov;164(5):901-6.

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor enhances pulmonary host defenses in normal and ethanol-treated rats.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112.

Abstract

Ethanol suppresses functions of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL), seriously compromising normal host defenses against pneumonia. Because granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) augments the number and function of PMNL, the effect of G-CSF on the antibacterial defenses of the lung in normal and acutely intoxicated rats was studied. Animals received G-CSF or vehicle twice a day for 2 days, then ethanol or saline, followed by challenge with Klebsiella pneumoniae. K. pneumoniae elicited an intrapulmonary influx of PMNL in control rats that was markedly suppressed by prior ethanol administration. G-CSF augmented the recruitment of PMNL into the lungs of control rats and significantly attenuated the adverse effects of ethanol on PMNL entry into the lung. G-CSF enhanced intrapulmonary bactericidal activity against this pathogen in normal and ethanol-treated rats. All intoxicated rats pretreated with the vehicle died, while greater than 90% of rats pretreated with G-CSF survived. These findings suggest a potential role for G-CSF in mitigating the adverse effects of ethanol on PMNL delivery and pulmonary host defenses.

PMID:
1719103
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/164.5.901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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