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Gene. 1991 Oct 15;106(2):213-20.

Isolation of two cDNAs encoding novel alpha 1-antichymotrypsin-like proteins in a murine chondrocytic cell line.

Author information

1
MRC Human Genetics Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.

Abstract

We have isolated two novel serpin-encoding sequences from EB22, a chondrocytic cell line derived from a mouse teratocarcinoma. Both sequences fall within the Spi-2 sub-family, and are related to the gene encoding human alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), a major acute-phase reactant. Considerable amplification of the Spi-2 gene family in the mouse has occurred, hindering the identification of a functional equivalent of the human gene. However, one of the sequences described here, EB22/4, exhibits several features which indicate that it may represent the physiological rodent equivalent of ACT. The sequence is expressed in the liver, as expected, and is induced several-fold during the acute-phase response. The P1 amino acid residue, which is primarily responsible for inhibitor specificity, is Met rather than the human Leu, most probably a functionally conservative substitution. Analysis of the orthologous sequence in related rodents demonstrates conservation of the predicted reactive centre-encoded specificity. The second isolated cDNA, EB22/3, encodes an unexpected Cys residue at the P1 position in the reactive centre, and represents a novel sub-class of the Spi-2 serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin)-encoding gene family. At least one of the sequences appears to be expressed at sites of skeletal deposition during the later stages of mouse foetal development, indicating a role for serpins during development.

PMID:
1718822
DOI:
10.1016/0378-1119(91)90201-l
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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