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Food Chem Toxicol. 2007 May;45(5):843-51. Epub 2006 Nov 15.

Carcinogenesis studies of benzophenone in rats and mice.

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1
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O. Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, United States.

Abstract

Benzophenone, an aryl ketone, is used primarily as a photoinitiator and fragrance enhancer. Groups of 50 male and 50 female F344 rats and B6C3 F1 mice were fed diets containing 0, 312, 625, and 1250 ppm benzophenone for 105 weeks. Survival of males exposed to 1250 ppm benzophenone was significantly less than that of controls. There was a positive trend in the incidence of renal tubule adenoma in male rats; these neoplasms were accompanied by significantly increased incidences of renal tubule hyperplasia. Increased incidences of mononuclear cell leukemia were observed in male rats exposed to 312 or 625 ppm benzophenone and in female rats exposed to 625 ppm benzophenone. Liver lesions observed included significantly increased incidences of hepatocytic centrilobular hypertrophy in all exposed groups of rats. In mice, survival of all exposed groups was generally similar to that of the control groups. In male mice, there were significantly increased incidences of hepatocellular adenoma in the 625 and 1250 ppm groups. In female mice, the incidences of hepatocellular adenoma in the 625 and 1250 ppm groups were higher than expected after adjusting for the lower body weights in these groups. The incidences of kidney nephropathy in exposed groups of female mice, as well as the severity of nephropathy in exposed groups of males, were significantly increased. The incidences of metaplasia of the olfactory epithelium were significantly increased in 1250 ppm mice. Rare histiocytic sarcomas were observed in female rats and mice in the 625 and 1250 ppm groups. Under the conditions of these 2-year studies, there was some evidence of carcinogenic activity of benzophenone in male F344/N rats based on increased incidences of renal tubule adenoma. There was equivocal evidence of carcinogenic activity of benzophenone in female F344/N rats based on the marginal increased incidences of mononuclear cell leukemia and histiocytic sarcoma. There was some evidence of carcinogenic activity of benzophenone in male B6C3F(1) mice based on increased incidences of hepatocellular neoplasms, primarily adenoma. There was some evidence of carcinogenic activity of benzophenone in female B6C3F(1) mice based on increased incidences of histiocytic sarcoma; the incidences of hepatocellular adenoma in female B6C3F(1) mice may have been related to benzophenone exposure.

PMID:
17187913
PMCID:
PMC1936973
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2006.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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