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Eur J Biochem. 1991 Nov 1;201(3):653-9.

Analysis of the complex transcription termination region of the Escherichia coli rrnB gene.

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1
Institute of Biochemistry, Biological Research Center, Szeged, Hungary.

Abstract

The complex terminator region of the Escherichia coli rrnB gene was analyzed by subcloning the terminators T1 and T2 and the inverted repeats IR1 and IR2 individually, or in various combinations, in a normal or inverted orientation into a terminator probe vector. The in vivo terminating efficiency was assayed by measuring the galactokinase activity encoded by the downstream galK gene. Termination efficiencies of all fragments were compared in two constructs, differing in the presence or absence of readthrough translation over the investigated terminator signal. The following main conclusions were drawn. (a) T1 and T2 are both efficient terminators in isolated forms. (b) IR1 and IR2 have some terminating effect (much lower than the proper terminators), especially in the inverted orientation. Their presence modifies the effect of the proper terminators in a quite unpredictable way, especially if these regions are translated. (c) The terminators are not symmetrical; in the inverted orientation T1 is practically inactive and T2 termination is reduced. (d) Translation radically decreases the efficiency of the terminators. (e) Several sequences in the rrnB gene, upstream of the terminator region (one in the 16S RNA and one in the 5S RNA coding region), are very efficient in vivo terminators in the inverted orientation.

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