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Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Jul;301(1-2):13-20. Epub 2006 Dec 22.

Estrogen-dependent growth and estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha concentration in T47D breast cancer cells are inhibited by VACM-1, a cul 5 gene.

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Department of Biology, Hope College, Schaap Science Bldg, Holland, MI 49423, USA.


Vasopressin-activated calcium mobilizing receptor (VACM-1)/cullin 5 (cul 5) inhibits growth when expressed in T47D breast cancer cells by a mechanism that involves a decrease in MAPK phosphorylation and a decrease in the early growth response element (egr-1) concentration in the nucleus. Since both MAPK and egr-1 pathways can be regulated by 17beta-estradiol, we next examined the effects of VACM-1 cDNA expression on estrogen-dependent growth in T47D cells and on estrogen receptor (ER) concentrations. Our results demonstrate that in T47D cells, both basal and 17beta-estradiol-dependent increase in cell growth and MAPK phosphorylation were inhibited in cells transfected with VACM-1 cDNA. Further, Western blot and immunocytochemistry data analyses indicate that ER concentrations and its nuclear localization are significantly lower in cells transfected with VACM-1 cDNA when compared to controls. These data indicate that in the T47D cancer cell line VACM-1 inhibits growth by attenuating estrogen-dependent signaling responses. These findings may have implications in the development of cancer treatments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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