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Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Dec;114(12):1930-4.

An approach for assessing human health vulnerability and public health interventions to adapt to climate change.

Author information

1
ESS, LLC, Alexandria, Virginia 22304, USA. krisebi@essllc.org

Abstract

Assessments of the potential human health impacts of climate change are needed to inform the development of adaptation strategies, policies, and measures to lessen projected adverse impacts. We developed methods for country-level assessments to help policy makers make evidence-based decisions to increase resilience to current and future climates, and to provide information for national communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The steps in an assessment should include the following: a) determine the scope of the assessment; b) describe the current distribution and burden of climate-sensitive health determinants and outcomes; c) identify and describe current strategies, policies, and measures designed to reduce the burden of climate-sensitive health determinants and outcomes; d) review the health implications of the potential impacts of climate variability and change in other sectors; e) estimate the future potential health impacts using scenarios of future changes in climate, socioeconomic, and other factors; f) synthesize the results; and g) identify additional adaptation policies and measures to reduce potential negative health impacts. Key issues for ensuring that an assessment is informative, timely, and useful include stakeholder involvement, an adequate management structure, and a communication strategy.

PMID:
17185287
PMCID:
PMC1764166
DOI:
10.1289/ehp.8430
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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