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Biochemistry. 1991 Nov 19;30(46):11124-32.

Nearest-neighbor parameters for G.U mismatches: [formula; see text] is destabilizing in the contexts [formula; see text] and [formula; see text] but stabilizing in [formula; see text].

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1
Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, New York 14627-0216.

Abstract

Thermodynamic parameters derived from optical melting studies are reported for duplex formation by a series of oligoribonucleotides containing G.U mismatches. The results are used to determine nearest-neighbor parameters for helix propagation by G.U mismatches. Surprisingly, the [formula; see text] nearest-neighbor free energy increment in unfavorable in the contexts [formula; see text], and [formula; see text] but favorable in the context [formula; see text]. This is a non-nearest-neighbor effect. In contrast, the [formula; see text] free energy increment is favorable and independent of context. Circular dichroism and imino proton NMR spectra of several sequences do not reveal an obvious structural basis for this dichotomy. For example, all the G.U mismatches have two slowly exchanging imino protons. The imino resonances for the G.U mismatches in GGAGUUCC, GUCGUGAC, and CCUGUAGG, however, broaden at lower temperature than the imino resonances for the interior Watson-Crick base pairs. In contrast, the imino resonances for the G.U mismatches in GGAUGUCC remain sharp at high temperature. The improved parameters for G.U mismatches should improve predictions of RNA structure from sequence.

PMID:
1718426
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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