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Biol Trace Elem Res. 1991 Jul;30(1):19-35.

Copper supplementation effects on indicators of copper status and serum cholesterol in adult males.

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Department of Home Economics, School of Pharmacy, University of Wyoming, Laramie 82071.


Two 6-wk double-blind studies evaluated the effects of supplements of 2 or 3 mg Cu/d on serum copper, ceruloplasmin, red-blood-cell super oxide dismutase (RBC-SOD), total serum cholesterol, and serum lipoprotein-cholesterol fractions in adult males. Study I had 6 supplemented and 8 placebo subjects, whereas study II had 7 and 6, respectively. Copper supplementation did not appear to affect serum copper levels, RBC-SOD, hematocrit, and ceruloplasmin levels when assayed by radial immunoassay diffusion. Supplementation with 2 mg Cu/d produced an increase in LDL cholesterol and the percentage of cholesterol as LDL at wk 4 compared to the placebo group, and a concomitant decline in VLDL-cholesterol levels and the percentage of cholesterol as VLDL. At wk 6, the percentage of cholesterol as LDL increased and that of cholesterol as VLDL decreased compared to baseline values in the supplemented group. Supplements of 3 mg Cu/d increased hemoglobin levels, ceruloplasmin activity, and serum total-cholesterol levels at wk 6 compared to placebos. Differences in cholesterol may be partly explained by variability in the placebo groups in both studies. Copper supplementation effects on cholesterol deserves further investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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