Send to

Choose Destination
J Lipid Res. 2007 Mar;48(3):592-9. Epub 2006 Dec 20.

Role of LCAT in HDL remodeling: investigation of LCAT deficiency states.

Author information

Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.


To better understand the role of LCAT in HDL metabolism, we compared HDL subpopulations in subjects with homozygous (n = 11) and heterozygous (n = 11) LCAT deficiency with controls (n = 22). Distribution and concentrations of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)-, apoA-II-, apoA-IV-, apoC-I-, apoC-III-, and apoE-containing HDL subpopulations were assessed. Compared with controls, homozygotes and heterozygotes had lower LCAT masses (-77% and -13%), and LCAT activities (-99% and -39%), respectively. In homozygotes, the majority of apoA-I was found in small, disc-shaped, poorly lipidated prebeta-1 and alpha-4 HDL particles, and some apoA-I was found in larger, lipid-poor, discoidal HDL particles with alpha-mobility. No apoC-I-containing HDL was noted, and all apoA-II and apoC-III was detected in lipid-poor, prebeta-mobility particles. ApoE-containing particles were more disperse than normal. ApoA-IV-containing particles were normal. Heterozygotes had profiles similar to controls, except that apoC-III was found only in small HDL with prebeta-mobility. Our data are consistent with the concepts that LCAT activity: 1) is essential for developing large, spherical, apoA-I-containing HDL and for the formation of normal-sized apoC-I and apoC-III HDL; and 2) has little affect on the conversion of prebeta-1 into alpha-4 HDL, only slight effects on apoE HDL, and no effect on apoA-IV HDL particles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center