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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007 Jan;26(1):29-35.

Spread of a single multiresistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clone carrying a variant of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type III isolated in a university hospital.

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Department of Clinical Microbiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.


The purpose of the study was the molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates cultured from patients treated in seven wards of a university hospital in Lublin, Poland, over a 14-month period. Eleven nosocomial MRSA isolates were analyzed. Phenotypic identification of the isolates as MRSA was confirmed by the detection of the nuc and mecA genes using a multiplex PCR assay. The MRSA isolates were further characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, 16S-23S rRNA spacer length polymorphism analysis, and the simplex and multiplex SCCmec PCR assays. The MRSA isolates were found to be multiresistant: in addition to resistance to beta-lactam agents, they demonstrated resistance to ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and gentamicin. The MRSA isolates were genetically identical and shared common pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles and 16S-23S rRNA spacer length polymorphism profiles. The PCR-based method revealed that the profile of the Lublin clone was identical to that of the Brazilian pandemic MRSA isolates. By SCCmec typing, all MRSA isolates harbored the C variant of the SCCmec type III that differed from the typical SCCmec type III pattern by the lack of locus F (414 bp). The results of this study indicate the spread of a single, multiresistant, MRSA clone in various wards of a university hospital over a 14-month period. The SCCmec structure harbored by the Lublin clone has previously been identified among Polish MRSA isolates representing the HoMRSA-Pol1 clone. The data from this study indicate that the Lublin MRSA clone is most probably genetically related to the HoMRSA-Pol1 clone. Moreover, this latter clone belongs to ST239, the same sequence type as the Hungarian and Brazilian pandemic MRSA isolates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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