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Dalton Trans. 2007 Jan 14;(2):218-33. Epub 2006 Nov 22.

Cu(2+) and Pt(2+) complexes of pyrazole and triazole based dinucleating ligands.

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Department of Chemistry, Spitalstr. 51, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.


A series of pyrazole and triazole based dinucleating ligands have been synthesized and their complexation potential for metal ions, which exhibit square planar coordination geometry has been studied. In the case of Cu(2+) the complexation equilibria in solution have been determined using pH titrations. Species with 1 : 1 stoichiometry [CuLH(n)], 2 : 1 stoichiometry [Cu(2)LH(m)], and of dimeric nature [Cu(2)L(2)H(p)], have been detected and their overall stability constants have been measured. The reactivity of the dinuclear species [Cu(2)LH(-1)] towards phosphate ester hydrolysis have shown that the OH-functionality incorporated in some of the ligands does not enhance the hydrolysis rate. Several ligands were reacted with Pt(2+) to give insoluble dinuclear species [Pt(2)LI(3)]. One of them was studied by X-ray diffraction and shows that the two Pt(2+) are bridged by the pyrazolide group and by one I(-). The remaining two positions are occupied by the amino group in alpha position of the heterocyclic ring and a terminal I(-). The nearly planar [Pt(2)LI(3)] units form sheets in the crystals, which are about 4 A apart and thus indicate pi stacking interactions.

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