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Cell Death Differ. 1995 Oct;2(4):235-41.

Post-ischemic apoptotic death of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes.

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LXR Biotechnology Inc., Richmond, CA, USA.


Despite the clinical importance of cardiomyocyte death following ischemia and reperfusion, little is known about the nature of the process. In primary rat neonatal cardiomyocyte cultures, cell death was induced by ischemia (deprivation of oxygen, serum and glucose) and reperfusion. We report here that ischemia induced primarily necrosis, whereas subsequent reperfusion induced apoptosis. Apoptosis of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes could not be prevented by protein synthesis inhibitors, suggesting that molecular components of the apoptotic pathway pre-exist in these cells. IGFs and calpain inhibitors had no effect on necrotic death during ischemia, but they significantly reduced apoptotic death during reperfusion. These results support the concept that inhibition of post-ischemic apoptotic death in the myocardium may provide a valuable new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of acute myocardial ischemia.


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