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RNA Biol. 2006 Jul;3(3):97-100. Epub 2006 Jul 6.

microRNA-mediated silencing inside P-bodies.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.

Abstract

Cytoplasmic processing bodies, or P-bodies, contain a high concentration of enzymes and factors required for mRNA turnover and translational repression. Recent studies provide evidence that the mRNAs silenced by miRNAs are localized to P-bodies for storage or degradation, perhaps in adjacent subcompartments. mRNP remodeling, potentially induced by miRISC or RNA helicase activity, may cause the modification of the translation initiation complex at the 5' end of mRNA, following translational repression and localization to P-bodies. Further remodeling in P-bodies may facilitate access of the decapping complex to the cap structure, thus inducing mRNA degradation. However, with appropriate signals, stored mRNAs in P-bodies could be released and returned to the translational machinery through mechanisms requiring binding of regulatory proteins to the 3' UTR of mRNAs. Here a model is proposed to explain the repression and degradation stages of the mRNAs within PBs. This model includes preservation or disruption of a stable closed loop structure of the mRNAs, compartmentalization in PBs and mRNA escape triggered by additional binding proteins.

PMID:
17179742
DOI:
10.4161/rna.3.3.3499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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