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Blood. 2007 May 1;109(9):4097-104. Epub 2006 Dec 19.

Selective targeting of the LIGHT-HVEM costimulatory system for the treatment of graft-versus-host disease.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Abstract

Decoy lymphotoxin beta receptor (LTbetaR) has potent immune inhibitory activities and thus represents a promising biologic for the treatment of inflammation, autoimmune diseases, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). As this reagent interrupts multiple molecular interactions, including LTbeta-LTbetaR and LIGHT-HVEM/LTbetaR, underlying molecular mechanisms have yet to be fully understood. In this study, we demonstrate that blockade of the LIGHT-HVEM pathway is sufficient to induce amelioration of GVHD in mouse models. Anti-host cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity following in vivo transfer of allogeneic lymphocytes was completely abrogated when LIGHT- or HVEM-deficient (KO) T cells were used as donor cells. Accordingly, survival of the recipient mice following the transfer of allogeneic bone marrow cells plus LIGHT-KO or HVEM-KO T cells was significantly prolonged. In the absence of LIGHT-HVEM costimulation, alloreactive donor T cells undergo vigorous apoptosis while their proliferative potential remains intact. Furthermore, we prepared a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific to HVEM and showed that administration of anti-HVEM mAb profoundly ameliorated GVHD and led to complete hematopoietic chimerism with donor cells. Collectively, our results demonstrate an indispensable role of LIGHT-HVEM costimulation in the pathogenesis of GVHD and illustrate a novel target for selective immunotherapy in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

PMID:
17179227
PMCID:
PMC1874563
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2006-09-047332
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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