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Neuron. 2006 Dec 21;52(6):1011-25.

The adhesion molecule CHL1 regulates uncoating of clathrin-coated synaptic vesicles.

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  • 1Zentrum für Molekulare Neurobiologie, Universität Hamburg, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.


In searching for binding partners of the intracellular domain of the immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule CHL1, we identified the clathrin-uncoating ATPase Hsc70. CHL1 gene ablation resulted in reduced targeting of Hsc70 to the synaptic plasma membrane and synaptic vesicles, suggesting CHL1 as a synapse-targeting cue for Hsc70. CHL1 accumulates in presynaptic membranes and, in response to synapse activation, is targeted to synaptic vesicles by endocytosis. CHL1 deficiency or disruption of the CHL1/Hsc70 complex results in accumulation of abnormally high levels of clathrin-coated synaptic vesicles with a reduced ability to release clathrin. Generation of new clathrin-coated synaptic vesicles in an activity-dependent manner is inhibited when the CHL1/Hsc70 complex is disrupted, resulting in impaired uptake and release of FM dyes in synaptic boutons. Abnormalities in clathrin-dependent synaptic vesicle recycling may thus underlie brain malfunctions in humans and mice that carry mutations in the CHL1 gene.

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