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Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Apr;5(4):521-34.

Regulation of the alpha inhibin gene by cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate after transfection into rat granulosa cells.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208.

Abstract

Inhibin gene expression in the ovary is stimulated by FSH, which uses cAMP as an intracellular second messenger. To examine further the transcriptional regulation of the alpha inhibin gene by FSH and cAMP, we have isolated and characterized a genomic clone that contains the entire rat alpha inhibin gene. Sequence analysis of the alpha inhibin promoter region revealed several potential cAMP response elements (CREs) and transcription factor AP2-binding sites that might mediate cAMP regulation. To determine the functional importance of these sequences, fusion genes including the alpha inhibin 5' flanking region linked to a luciferase reporter gene were transiently transfected into primary granulosa cells isolated from immature rats. These fusion genes were both expressed and regulated by the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin in transfected granulosa cells. Analysis of a series of 5' deletion mutants indicated that a construct containing as little as 170 basepairs up-stream of the alpha inhibin start site, which includes a single imperfect CRE and no AP2 sites, was regulated by forskolin. DNAse footprinting was used to demonstrate that bacterially expressed CRE-binding protein (CREB) binds to this CRE located 122 basepairs up-stream of the alpha inhibin gene transcriptional start site. To investigate further the role of this CRE in alpha inhibin gene expression, site-specific mutagenesis of the CRE was performed. The alpha inhibin promoter containing a mutated CRE was not regulated by forskolin in granulosa cells and did not bind the CREB protein. Interestingly, mutation of the CRE also substantially reduced basal expression of the alpha inhibin promoter. Lastly, a gel mobility shift assay was used to examine CRE-binding proteins from granulosa cell extracts. Granulosa cells contain a protein that specifically interacts with CRE-containing oligonucleotides or with the alpha inhibin promoter and that is recognized by antibodies against the CREB protein. Our results suggest that CREB or related transcription factors play an important role in both basal and cAMP-regulated expression of the alpha inhibin gene in ovarian granulosa cells.

PMID:
1717833
DOI:
10.1210/mend-5-4-521
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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