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PLoS Biol. 2006 Dec;5(1):e5.

The RNA-binding protein KSRP promotes decay of beta-catenin mRNA and is inactivated by PI3K-AKT signaling.

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  • 1Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genova, Italy. rgherzi@ucsd.edu

Abstract

Beta-catenin plays an essential role in several biological events including cell fate determination, cell proliferation, and transformation. Here we report that beta-catenin is encoded by a labile transcript whose half-life is prolonged by Wnt and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKT signaling. AKT phosphorylates the mRNA decay-promoting factor KSRP at a unique serine residue, induces its association with the multifunctional protein 14-3-3, and prevents KSRP interaction with the exoribonucleolytic complex exosome. This impairs KSRP's ability to promote rapid mRNA decay. Our results uncover an unanticipated level of control of beta-catenin expression pointing to KSRP as a required factor to ensure rapid degradation of beta-catenin in unstimulated cells. We propose KSRP phosphorylation as a link between phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKT signaling and beta-catenin accumulation.

PMID:
17177604
PMCID:
PMC1702562
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pbio.0050005
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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