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J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Dec 27;128(51):16484-5.

GlcNAcstatin: a picomolar, selective O-GlcNAcase inhibitor that modulates intracellular O-glcNAcylation levels.

Author information

1
Division of Biological Chemistry & Molecular Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland.

Abstract

Many phosphorylation signal transduction pathways in the eukaryotic cell are modulated by posttranslational modification of specific serines/threonines with N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc). Levels of O-GlcNAc on key proteins regulate biological processes as diverse as the cell cycle, insulin signaling, and protein degradation. The two enzymes involved in this dynamic and abundant modification are the O-GlcNAc transferase and O-GlcNAcase. Structural data have recently revealed that the O-GlcNAcase possesses an active site with significant structural similarity to that of the human lysosomal hexosaminidases HexA/HexB. PUGNAc, an O-GlcNAcase inhibitor widely used to raise levels of O-GlcNAc in human cell lines, also inhibits these hexosaminidases. Here, we have exploited recent structural information of an O-GlcNAcase-PUGNAc complex to design and synthesize a glucoimidazole-based inhibitor, GlcNAcstatin, which is a 5 pM competitive inhibitor of enzymes of the O-GlcNAcase family, shows 100000-fold selectivity over HexA/B, and binds to the O-GlcNAcase active site by mimicking the transition state as revealed by X-ray crystallography. This compound is able to raise O-GlcNAc levels in human HEK 293 and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell lines and thus provides a novel, potent tool for the study of the role of O-GlcNAc in intracellular signal transduction pathways.

PMID:
17177381
DOI:
10.1021/ja066743n
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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