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J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Dec 27;128(51):16478-9.

Peptide macrocyclization: the reductase of the nostocyclopeptide synthetase triggers the self-assembly of a macrocyclic imine.

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Fachbereich Chemie/Biochemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse, 35043 Marburg, Germany.


Many biologically active natural products have macrocyclic structures. In nonribosomal peptides macrocyclization is commonly achieved via the formation of intramolecular ester or amide bond catalyzed by thioesterase domains during biosynthesis. A unique and so far unknown type of peptide cyclization occurs in the nostocyclopeptide, a macrocyclic imine produced by the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. ATCC53789. In this work we show that a C-terminal reductase domain of the nostocyclopeptide nonribosomal peptide synthetase catalyzes the reductive release of a linear peptide aldehyde and thereby triggers the spontaneous formation of a stable imino head-to-tail linkage. This type of molecular self-assembly induced by the reductive release of reactive aldehydes may be more commonplace in other complex nonribosomal peptides than originally thought.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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