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J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006 Dec;47(12):1254-62.

Efficacy of Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training: an indicated preventive intervention for depression.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute, USA. youngj@childpsych.columbia.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Indicated interventions for adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms may help decrease rates of depression. The current study reports on the efficacy of Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training (IPT-AST), a group indicated preventive intervention.

METHODS:

Forty-one adolescents with elevated depression symptoms were randomized to receive either IPT-AST or school counseling (SC) as delivered by guidance counselors and social workers. Adolescents in the two intervention conditions were compared on depression symptoms, overall functioning, and depression diagnoses post-intervention and at 3-month and 6-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Adolescents who received IPT-AST had significantly fewer depression symptoms and better overall functioning post-intervention and at follow-up. Adolescents in IPT-AST also reported fewer depression diagnoses than adolescents in usual care.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results provide preliminary evidence of the efficacy of IPT-AST as an intervention for adolescents with subthreshold depression. Future research is needed to confirm the efficacy of IPT-AST in a larger and more diverse sample and to determine its long-term impact on depression symptoms and depression diagnoses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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