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J Clin Invest. 1991 Oct;88(4):1396-406.

Role of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1) in neutrophil-mediated lung injury in rats.

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Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109.


Two murine monoclonal antibodies (CL-3 and CL-37, both F(ab')2) to human endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) were found to react immunohistochemically with rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells that had been pretreated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha). CL-3, but not CL-37, blocked in vitro adherence of neutrophils to TNF alpha-treated endothelial cells and the killing of TNF alpha-treated rat endothelial cells by phorbol ester activated neutrophils. In rats treated systemically with CL-3, there was a 70% reduction in accumulation of neutrophils in glycogen-induced peritoneal exudates. Treatment of animals with CL-37 anti-ELAM-1 did not reduce neutrophil accumulation under the same conditions. When IgG immune complex deposition was induced in dermis and in lungs of rats, treatment with CL-3 anti-ELAM-1 markedly reduced vascular injury as measured by changes in vascular permeability (leakage of 125I-albumin) and hemorrhage (extravasation of 51Cr-red blood cells). The protective effects of CL-3 anti-ELAM-1 were related to greatly diminished recruitment of neutrophils (as assessed morphologically, by tissue extraction of myeloperoxidase, and by retrieval, via bronchoalveolar lavage, of neutrophils from lung). CL-37 had no protective effects in vivo after deposition of immune complexes in lung. Using either CL-3 or CL-37 anti-ELAM-1, immunohistochemical analysis of lungs undergoing IgG immune complex-induced injury revealed a striking upregulation of ELAM-1 in the lung vasculature (venules and interstitial capillaries), with a peak intensity developing between 3 and 4 h after deposition of immune complexes in lung. Vascular beds of spleen, liver, and kidney failed to show upregulation of ELAM-1 under these same conditions. The immunohistochemical reactivity of rat lung was abolished if the anti-ELAM-1 preparation was first absorbed with monolayers of human umbilical vein endothelial cells that had been pretreated with TNF alpha. Untreated human endothelial cells failed to cause loss of lung reactivity of the anti-ELAM-1 preparation. These data indicate that ELAM-1 is upregulated in the pulmonary vasculature of rats during deposition of immune complexes and that ELAM-1 appears to play an obligate role in the recruitment of neutrophils.

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