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Int J Food Microbiol. 2007 Feb 28;114(1):25-9. Epub 2006 Dec 18.

Presence of aflatoxin M1 in pasteurized milk from Morocco.

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Laboratory of Food Toxicology, National Institute of Health, 27 Avenue Ibn Batouta, PO Box 769 Agdal, Rabat, Morocco.


Fifty four samples of pasteurized milk produced by five different dairies from Morocco were surveyed for the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) using immunoaffinity columns and liquid chromatography coupled to fluorescence detection. Confirmation of AFM1 identity in positive samples was based on the formation of AFM1 hemi-acetal derivative (AFM2a) after derivatization with trifluoracetic acid. Analytical results showed that 88.8% of the samples were contaminated with AFM1; 7.4% being above the maximum level of 0.05 microg/L set by the Moroccan and European regulations for AFM1 in liquid milk. The incidence of AFM1 in milk from these dairies was 100, 92.3, 90, 83.3 and 77.7% respectively, with AFM1 levels ranging from 0.001 to 0.117 microg/L and a mean value of 0.0186 microg/L. Based on the results presented in this study, the estimated daily intake of AFM1 was 3.26 ng/person/day. In this work, data on the natural occurrence of AFM1 in pasteurized milk produced in Morocco is presented for the first time.

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