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Antiviral Res. 2007 Jul;75(1):30-5. Epub 2006 Dec 11.

The helicase primase inhibitor, BAY 57-1293 shows potent therapeutic antiviral activity superior to famciclovir in BALB/c mice infected with herpes simplex virus type 1.

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Centre for Veterinary Science, Cambridge University Veterinary School, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ES, UK.


BAY 57-1293 represents a new class of potent inhibitors of herpes simplex virus (HSV) that target the virus helicase primase complex. The present study was conducted using the zosteriform infection model in BALB/c mice. The helicase primase inhibitor, BAY 57-1293 was shown to be highly efficacious in this model. The beneficial effects of therapy were obtained rapidly (within 2 days) although the onset of treatment was delayed for 1 day after virus inoculation. The compound given orally, or intraperitoneally once per day at a dose of 15 mg/kg for 4 successive days was equally effective or superior to a much higher dose of famciclovir (1mg/ml, i.e. approximately 140-200mg/kg/day) given in the drinking water for 7 consecutive days, which, in our hands, is the most effective method for administering famciclovir to mice. In contrast to the vehicle-treated infected mice, all mice that received antiviral therapy looked normal and active with no mortality, no detectable loss of weight and no marked change in ear thickness. BAY 57-1293 and famciclovir reduced the virus titers in the skin to below the level of detection by days 3 and 7 post infection, respectively. In both BAY 57-1293 and famciclovir-treated mice, infectious virus titers in the ear pinna and brainstem remained below the level of detection. Consistent with these findings, BAY 57-1293 also showed a potent antiviral effect in an experiment involving a small number of severely immunocompromised athymic-nude BALB/c mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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