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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Dec;85(4):722-7. Epub 2006 Dec 15.

Beta-adrenergic-mediated inhibition of feeding by mercaptoacetate in food-deprived rats.

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Institute of Animal Sciences, ETH Zurich, Schorenstrasse 16, 8603 Schwerzenbach, Switzerland.


This study investigated the effect of intraperitoneal (IP) injections of the fatty acid oxidation (FAO) inhibitor mercaptoacetate (MA, 45.6 mg/kg) on feeding in food-deprived rats. As previously, MA significantly stimulated feeding in ad libitum-fed rats. MA, however, reduced feeding in 18 and 36 h-fasted rats despite apparently antagonizing the fasting-induced increase in hepatic FAO. To test whether this anorectic effect involves beta-adrenergic stimulation, 36 h-fasted rats were IP injected with the nonspecific beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol (PROP, 0.5 mg/kg) just before MA injection. PROP attenuated MA's feeding-inhibitory effect, suggesting that MA anorexia is at least partially mediated by beta-adrenergic stimulation. Finally, we evaluated the role of subdiaphragmatic vagal afferent fibers in MA's feeding-inhibitory effect by testing the ability of MA to inhibit food intake in fasted rats after subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation (SDA). MA inhibited feeding similarly in SDA rats and sham-operated rats. These data demonstrate that subdiaphragmatic vagal afferents are not necessary for the feeding-inhibitory effect of peripheral MA. These results suggest that the FAO inhibitor MA elicits a feeding-inhibitory effect in fasted rats that is mediated by a different mechanism than its feeding-stimulatory effect.

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