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J Card Fail. 2006 Dec;12(9):726-33.

Clinical features of isolated ventricular noncompaction in adults long-term clinical course, echocardiographic properties, and predictors of left ventricular failure.

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1
Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Isolated ventricular non-compaction (IVNC) is a rare disorder characterized by prominent trabecular meshwork and deep recesses. We retrospectively assessed the clinical characteristics and natural course of IVNC in adults diagnosed at our hospital.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Sixty-seven adult patients (44 male, mean age 41 +/- 18 years) with the diagnosis of IVNC were evaluated in this retrospective cohort. Its prevalence was found to be .14%. Forty-seven patients (70%) had class I/II functional capacity. Fifty-seven patients (85%) had electrocardiographic abnormalities, and the most common one was left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (25%). LV systolic function was depressed in 44 patients (66%), with a median ejection fraction (EF) of 35% (range: 20%-48%) at diagnosis. Multiple regression analysis revealed that age at initial presentation, the total number of affected segments, and the ratio of non-compaction/compaction (NC/C) were the independent predictors of LV systolic dysfunction. Familial occurrence of IVNC was 33%. During a mean follow-up of 30 months (range: 9-50 months), major complications including ventricular tachycardia, heart failure requiring hospitalization, and cerebrovascular events were observed in 36%, 34%, and 9% of the patients, respectively. Ten patients (15%) with IVNC died in this study. LVEF at initial presentation and functional capacity at last visit were found to be independent predictors of mortality.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that IVNC is a form of cardiomyopathy with higher prevalence and relatively better prognosis than previously reported. Age at initial presentation, ratio of NC/C, and number of affected segments seem to be major determinants of LV systolic dysfunction, while initial LVEF and last functional capacity predict mortality in this cohort.

PMID:
17174235
DOI:
10.1016/j.cardfail.2006.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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