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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2007 Mar 1;17(5):1336-40. Epub 2006 Dec 2.

Carbonic anhydrase activators: an activation study of the human mitochondrial isoforms VA and VB with amino acids and amines.

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Università degli Studi di Firenze, Laboratorio di Chimica Bioinorganica, Rm. 188, Via della Lastruccia 3, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy.


The mitochondrial isozymes of human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC, hCA VA and hCA VB, were investigated for activation with a series of amino acids and amines. D-His, L-DOPA, histamine, dopamine, and 4-(2-aminoethyl)morpholine were excellent hCA VA activators, with KAs in the range of 10-130 nM. Good hCA VB activating effects were identified for L-His, D-Phe, D-DOPA, L-Trp, L-Tyr, serotonin, and 2-(2-aminoethyl)-pyridine, with KAs in the range of 44-110 nM. All these activators enhanced kcat, having no effect on KM, favoring thus the rate-determining step in the catalytic cycle, the proton transfer reactions between the active site and environment. The activation pattern of the two mitochondrial isoforms is very different from each other and as compared to those of the cytosolic isoforms hCA I and II.

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