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Proteins. 2007 Mar 1;66(4):912-29.

Computational proteomics of biomolecular interactions in the sequence and structure space of the tyrosine kinome: deciphering the molecular basis of the kinase inhibitors selectivity.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0392, USA.


Understanding and predicting the molecular basis of protein kinases specificity against existing therapeutic agents remains highly challenging and deciphering this complexity presents an important problem in discovery and development of effective cancer drugs. We explore a recently introduced computational approach for in silico profiling of the tyrosine kinases binding specificity with a class of the pyrido-[2,3-d]pyrimidine kinase inhibitors. Computational proteomics analysis of the ligand-protein interactions using parallel simulated tempering with an ensemble of the tyrosine kinases crystal structures reveals an important molecular determinant of the kinase specificity. The pyrido-[2,3-d]pyrimidine inhibitors are capable of dynamically interacting with both active and inactive forms of the tyrosine kinases, accommodating structurally different kinase conformations with a similar binding affinity. Conformational tolerance of the protein tyrosine kinases binding with the pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine inhibitors provides the molecular basis for the broad spectrum of potent activities and agrees with the experimental inhibition profiles. The analysis of the pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine sensitivities against a number of clinically relevant ABL kinase mutants suggests an important role of conformational adaptability of multitargeted kinase inhibitors in developing drug resistance mechanisms. The presented computational approach may be useful in complementing proteomics technologies to characterize activity signatures of small molecules against a large number of potential kinase targets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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