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Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1991 Jul 16;61(1):117-23.

Effects of dexamethasone on the expression of myelin basic protein, proteolipid protein, and glial fibrillary acidic protein genes in developing rat brain.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on the relative abundance of myelin basic protein (MBP), proteolipid protein (PLP) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mRNAs in the developing rat brain were examined. After DEX (1.0 mg/kg body weight) or saline was administered intraperitoneally to 3-day-old rats for 7 consecutive days, wet weight, DNA content and the relative abundance of the glia-specific mRNAs in cerebrum and cerebellum were analyzed at postnatal days (P) 10, 20 and 30. DEX decreased both wet weight and DNA content in cerebellum more profoundly than in cerebrum. The appearance of MBP, PLP and GFAP mRNAs in cerebellum preceded that in cerebrum in the control group. In cerebrum, the relative abundance of MBP and PLP mRNAs was significantly less in the DEX group than that in the control group at P20 and P30. The relative abundance of the GFAP mRNA was significantly less in the DEX group than in the control group at P10 and P20, but there was no significant difference at P30. In cerebellum, a significant decrease in the abundance of MBP, PLP and GFAP mRNAs in the DEX group was observed only at P10 but not at P20 and P30. Our findings indicate that DEX suppresses expression of genes related to glial functions, especially myelination when administered in the early postnatal period.

PMID:
1717183
DOI:
10.1016/0165-3806(91)90121-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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