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Cell Death Differ. 2007 Apr;14(4):703-15. Epub 2006 Dec 15.

Bax and the mitochondrial permeability transition cooperate in the release of cytochrome c during endoplasmic reticulum-stress-induced apoptosis.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.

Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induces apoptosis by mechanisms that are not fully clear. Here we show that ER stress induced by the Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin (THG) activates cytochrome c-dependent apoptosis through cooperation between Bax and the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in human leukemic CEM cells. Pharmacological inhibition of the MPT as well as small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of the MPT core component cyclophilin D blocked cytochrome c release and caspase-dependent apoptosis but did not prevent Bax activation, translocation or N-terminal exposure in mitochondria. siRNA knockdown of Bax also blocked THG-mediated cytochrome c release and apoptosis, but did not prevent MPT activation and resulted in caspase-independent cell death. Our results show that ER-stress-induced cell death involves a caspase and Bax-dependent pathway as well as a caspase-independent MPT-directed pathway.

PMID:
17170750
DOI:
10.1038/sj.cdd.4402072
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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