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J Dent Educ. 2006 Dec;70(12):1366-9.

Efficacy of a geriatric oral health CD as a learning tool.

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Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 921 N.E. 13 (11G), Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.


To better prepare professionals to meet the needs of older patients, a self-instructional computer module on geriatric oral health was previously developed. A follow-up study reported here tested the efficacy of this educational tool for improving student knowledge of geriatric oral care. A convenience sampling procedure was used. Sample size calculation revealed that fifty-six subjects were required to meet clinical and statistical criteria. Paired t-test addressed our hypothesis that use of the educational tool is associated with improvement in knowledge. Fifty-eight first-year dental students and nine third-year medical students completed the pre-intervention test and were given the CD-based educational tool. After seven days, all participants completed the post-intervention test. Knowledge of geriatric oral health improved among the sixty-seven students included in this study (p=0.019). When stratified on the basis of viewing the CD-ROM, the subgroup of thirty-eight students who reported not actually reviewing the CD-ROM had no change in their knowledge scores, while the subgroup of twenty-nine students who reported reviewing the CD had a significant improvement in test scores (p<0.001). Use of a self-instructional e-learning tool in geriatric oral health is effective among those students who choose to employ such tools.

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