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World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Dec 14;12(46):7421-7.

Pathophysiology of alcoholic pancreatitis: an overview.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham Street, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, United States. pchowdhury@uams.edu

Abstract

Use of alcohol is a worldwide habit regardless of socio-economic background. Heavy alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor for induction of pancreatitis. The current review cites the updated literature on the alcohol metabolism, its effects on gastrointestinal and pancreatic function and in causing pancreatic injury, genetic predisposition of alcohol induced pancreatitis. Reports describing prospective mechanisms of action of alcohol activating the signal transduction pathways, induction of oxidative stress parameters through the development of animal models are being presented.

PMID:
17167828
PMCID:
PMC4087585
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v12.i46.7421
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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