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Biochem Cell Biol. 2006 Oct;84(5):703-12.

Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation regulates heat shock factor-1 activity and the heat shock response in murine fibroblasts.

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International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.


Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1)-dependent poly(ADP-ribose) formation is emerging as a key regulator of transcriptional regulation, even though the targets and underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been clearly identified. In this study, we gathered information on the role of PARP-1 activity in the heat shock response of mouse fibroblasts. We show that DNA binding of heat shock factor (HSF)-1 was impaired by PARP-1 activity in cellular extracts, and was higher in PARP-1(-/-) than in PARP-1+/+ cells. No evidence for HSF-1 poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation or PARP-1 interaction was found, but a poly(ADP-ribose) binding motif was identified in the transcription factor amino acid sequence. Consistent with data on HSF-1, the expression of heat-shock protein (HSP)-70 and HSP-27 was facilitated in cells lacking PARP-1. Thermosensitivity, however, was higher in PARP-1(-/-) than in PARP-1+/+ cells. Accordingly, we report that heat-shocked PARP-1 null fibroblasts showed an increased activation of proapoptotic JNK and decreased transcriptional efficiency of prosurvival NF-kappaB compared with wild-type counterparts. The data indicate that poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation finely regulates HSF-1 activity, and emphasize the complex role of PARP-1 in the heat-shock response of mammalian cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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