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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007 Mar;99(4):361-9. Epub 2006 Dec 13.

Central circulatory and peripheral O2 extraction changes as interactive facilitators of pulmonary O2 uptake during a repeated high-intensity exercise protocol in humans.

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Department of Exercise Science and Physiology, School of Health Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 1-1-71, Ujina-Higashi, Hiroshima, Japan.


It has frequently been demonstrated that prior high-intensity exercise facilitates pulmonary oxygen uptake [Formula: see text] response at the onset of subsequent identical exercise. To clarify the roles of central O(2) delivery and/or peripheral O(2) extraction in determining this phenomenon, we investigated the relative contributions of cardiac output (CO) and arteriovenous O(2) content difference [Formula: see text] to the [Formula: see text] transient during repeated bouts of high-intensity knee extension (KE) exercise. Nine healthy subjects volunteered to participate in this study. The protocol consisted of two consecutive 6-min KE exercise bouts in a supine position (work rate 70-75% of peak power) separated by 6 min of rest. Throughout the protocol, continuous-wave Doppler ultrasound was used to measure beat-by-beat CO (i.e., via simultaneous measurement of stroke volume and the diameter of the arterial aorta). The phase II [Formula: see text] response was significantly faster and the slow component (phase III) was significantly attenuated during the second KE bout compared to the first. This was a result of increased CO during the first 30 s of exercise: CO contributing to 100 and 56% of the [Formula: see text] speeding at 10 and 30 s, respectively. After this, the contribution of [Formula: see text] became increasingly more predominant: being responsible to an estimated 64% of the [Formula: see text] speeding at 90 s, which rose to 100% by 180 s. This suggests that, while both CO and [Formula: see text] clearly interact to determine the [Formula: see text] response, the speeding of [Formula: see text] kinetics by prior high-intensity KE exercise is predominantly attributable to increases in [Formula: see text].

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