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Immunology. 2007 Mar;120(3):412-23. Epub 2006 Dec 8.

Macrophages are essential for antitumour effects against weakly immunogenic murine tumours induced by class B CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides.

Author information

1
Department of Human Oncology, The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792-4672, USA. buhtoiarov@humonc.wisc.edu

Abstract

We explored the mechanisms of class B CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide-induced antitumour effects against weakly immunogenic tumours. Treatment with CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide 1826 (CpG) induced similar antitumour effects in B16 melanoma-bearing immunocompetent C57BL/6 mice and T-cell-deficient severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice, and NXS2 neuroblastoma-bearing T-cell-depleted A/J mice. Both macrophages (Mphi) and natural killer (NK) cells from CpG-treated C57BL/6 mice could mediate cytotoxicity in vitro, suggesting that these cell types might control tumour growth in vivo. However, CpG treatment of SCID/beige mice or T-cell-depleted and NK-cell-depleted A/J mice still induced antitumour effects in vivo, arguing against a major role of NK cells in the antitumour effects of CpG in the absence of T cells. In contrast, CpG treatment of interferon-gamma knockout (IFN-gamma(-/-)) C57BL/6 mice resulted in no antitumour effects in vivo and no Mphi-mediated tumoristasis in vitro despite unaltered cytolytic function of NK cells in vitro. Moreover, Mphi inactivation by silica substantially reduced CpG-induced suppression of tumour growth in vivo, revealing an important role of Mphi in CpG-induced antitumour effects. The in vitro tumouritoxicity by CpG-stimulated Mphi (CpG-Mphi) correlated with tumour cell mitochondria dysfunction and involved nitric oxide (NO), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IFN-gamma, whereas interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha), IL-1beta, IFN-alpha, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and Fas ligand played insignificant roles in CpG-Mphi tumouritoxicity. Taken together, our results indicate that the growth control of weakly immunogenic tumours during CpG-immunotherapy is mediated predominantly by Mphi, rather than T cells or NK cells.

PMID:
17163960
PMCID:
PMC2265883
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-2567.2006.02517.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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