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Am J Otolaryngol. 2007 Jan-Feb;28(1):13-7.

Comparison of microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy to harmonic scalpel and electrocautery total tonsillectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to compare microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy (MST) with total tonsillectomies either by harmonic scalpel (TTH) or electrocautery (TTE) in children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing from tonsillar hypertrophy.

DESIGN:

Retrospective review of prospectively collected data.

SETTING:

Tertiary academic hospital.

PATIENTS:

Eighty consecutive children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing from tonsillar hypertrophy who underwent MST between January and April of 2003 were compared with a smaller historical cohort of 25 patients who underwent TTEs and TTHs from January to December of 2001.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Primary: days to no narcotic pain medicine use and days to solid food intake; secondary: estimated blood loss, surgical time, and postoperative complications.

RESULTS:

Fifty-four patients who underwent MSTs and 25 patients who underwent total tonsillectomies met study criteria for a total of 79 patients. The cohorts showed no significant demographic differences between groups. The MST group had a significantly shorter duration of pain medicine use (3.7 +/- 0.5 days) than the TTE (7.0 +/- 0.6 days) or TTH groups (6.8 +/- 0.7 days; P < .001). The MST group (3.5 +/- 0.6 days) and the TTH group (3.6 +/- 0.8 days) achieved solid food intake faster than the TTE group (5.4 +/- 0.7 days; P = 0.004). There was a significantly higher estimated blood loss with the MST group (38.8 +/- 6.1 mL) than the TTH group (19 mL +/- 8.2) and the TTE group (15.1 +/- 7.4 mL; P < .001). TTH (27.3 +/- 3.1 minutes) took longer than MST (20.3 +/- 2.3 minutes) and TTE (21.9 +/- 2.8 minutes; P = .018).

CONCLUSION:

Microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy is valuable in treatment of children with tonsillar hypertrophy because of the decreased pain medicine use and more rapid return to solid food.

PMID:
17162124
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjoto.2006.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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