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Am Heart J. 2006 Dec;152(6):1168-74.

Angioscopic evaluation of neointima coverage: sirolimus drug-eluting stent versus bare metal stent.

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1
Cardiovascular Division, Osaka Police Hospital, Osaka 543-0035, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The process of neointima formation after bare metal stent (BMS) implantation has been previously elucidated by angioscopic observations; however, that after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation has not been clarified. Therefore, we compared the angioscopic appearance of neointima over DESs with that over BMSs 6 months after implantation.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Patients who received an implantation of a BMS (n = 13) or a sirolimus DES (n = 24) were included in this study. Angiographic and angioscopic examinations were performed at 6 months. The color of the stented lesion (white or yellow), coverage of stent by neointima (not covered, covered by a thin layer, or buried under neointima), and thrombus at the stented lesion (presence or absence) were angioscopically evaluated. Of the 24 lesions in which a DES was implanted, 11 (46%) had a part where the stent strut had no coverage, 21 (88%) had a part where it was covered by a thin layer, and 11 (46%) had a part where it was buried under neointima. Of the 13 lesions in which a BMS was implanted, 1 (8%) lesion had a part where the stent strut had no coverage, 4 (31%) lesions had a part where it was covered by a thin layer, and 13 (100%) lesions had a part where it was buried under neointima. The prevalence of a stent buried under neointima (46% vs 100%, P = .001) was lower and that of thrombus (42% vs 8%, P = .03) was higher in DES-implanted lesions as compared with BMS-implanted lesions. The prevalence of thrombus (64% vs 17%, P = .005) was higher in the yellow area than in the white area when a DES was implanted.

CONCLUSION:

Sirolimus DESs, as compared with BMSs, were poorly covered by neointima and were accompanied by thrombus especially when there was a yellow plaque under the stents. Thus, the thrombogenic potential in DES-implanted lesions may be sustained by the inhibition of neointima formation over thrombogenic plaques.

PMID:
17161071
DOI:
10.1016/j.ahj.2006.07.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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