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Biogerontology. 2007 Jun;8(3):315-25. Epub 2006 Dec 8.

Heat-induced hormesis in longevity of two sibling Drosophila species.

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Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, 1428, Argentina.


Previous work showed that mild-heat stress induces longevity hormesis in a model organism, D. melanogaster. Here we compared the possible heat-induced hormesis in longevity of other species of Drosophila, D. buzzatii and its sibling species D. koepferae, in a single-sex environment. Possible correlations between longevity and heat-stress resistance were also tested by measuring longevity, heat-knockdown resistance and the heat-induced Hsp70 expression for each species in a common environment. D. buzzatii was longer lived than D. koepferae at benign temperature. Knockdown resistance to heat stress was positively correlated to longevity within species. However, the shorter-lived species was more resistant to knockdown by heat stress than the longer-lived species. The heat-induced Hsp70 expression was similar between species. A heat-shock treatment (37 degrees C for 1 h at 4 days of age) extended mean longevity in the longer lived species but not in the shorter lived species. In D. koepferae, the demographic rate of senescence decreased but the baseline mortality rate increased by heat-shock, resulting in no extension of mean longevity. Sympatric populations of closely related species can be differentially sensitive to temperature and exhibit different patterns of 37 degrees C-induced hormesis in demographic senescence and longevity. The results also show that positive correlations between stress resistance and life span within species can shift in sign across closely related species. Finally, this study shows that heat-induced hormesis in longevity can be found across different Drosophila species, as hormetic effects are not limited to the previously studied D. melanogaster.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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