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Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2006 Oct;50(5):893-900.

[Mutation screening in Angiotensin II receptors, AGTR1 and AGTR2, and evaluation of AGTR1 polymorphisms C573T and A1166C in patients with premature adrenarche].

[Article in Portuguese]

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Unidade de Endocrinologia Pediátrica, Departamento de Pediatria e Puericultura, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo.


Precocious pubarche is the appearance of pubic hair before the age of 8 years in girls and 9 years in boys. The most frequent etiology is idiopathic precocious adrenarche, suggested, after long-term follow-up, to be associated with metabolic syndrome. One of the factors involved in the genesis of precocious adrenarche is Angiotensin II (Ang II), which promotes cell proliferation and steroidogenesis through type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors. In order to study Ang II receptors mutations, 50 children with idiopathic precocious adrenarche were evaluated and compared to a control group of normal individuals. Mutations were not detected in the AGTR1 and AGTR2 genes; however, two polymorphisms were identified in the AGTR1 gene: the C573T (exon 5) and the A1166C (3' untranslated region). The polymorphic allele T573 was found in 35% of the patients and 38% of controls. The polymorphic allele C1166 was present in 24% of the patients and 26% of controls. There was no statistical difference between groups. There was also no correlation between the polymorphisms and clinical and laboratory findings, as well as their family history of metabolic syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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