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Nat Rev Microbiol. 2007 Jan;5(1):13-28. Epub 2006 Dec 11.

Advances in combating fungal diseases: vaccines on the threshold.

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Department of Pediatrics and Microbiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences, and Research Institute for Children at Children's Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70118 USA.


The dramatic increase in fungal diseases in recent years can be attributed to the increased aggressiveness of medical therapy and other human activities. Immunosuppressed patients are at risk of contracting fungal diseases in healthcare settings and from natural environments. Increased prescribing of antifungals has led to the emergence of resistant fungi, resulting in treatment challenges. These concerns, together with the elucidation of the mechanisms of protective immunity against fungal diseases, have renewed interest in the development of vaccines against the mycoses. Most research has used murine models of human disease and, as we review in this article, the knowledge gained from these studies has advanced to the point where the development of vaccines targeting human fungal pathogens is now a realistic and achievable goal.

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