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Anticancer Drugs. 2007 Jan;18(1):7-15.

Panitumumab the first fully human monoclonal antibody: from the bench to the clinic.

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Section of Medical Oncology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


Panitumumab (formerly known as ABX-EGF) is the first fully human monoclonal antibody to epidermal growth factor receptor to enter clinical trials for the treatment of solid tumors. Like cetuximab (Erbitux; BMS), it is directed against the extracellular ligand-binding domain of the receptor and results in blockade of the essential downstream signaling pathways that are known to govern apoptosis, proliferation and differentiation of both normal and neoplastic cell types in a wide array of tissues. It has a very high affinity for epidermal growth factor receptor and has been generally well tolerated and associated with very few infusion reactions. As a fully human agent, panitumumab has not been associated with the formation of any antibodies directed against it that has been evidenced by a very reliable pharmacokinetic profile with possible dosing schedules ranging from 1 to 3 weeks. Similar to other agents targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway, a rash has been the primary toxicity and is dose dependent up to 2.5 mg/kg at which dose 100% of all patients have been affected. The anti-tumor activity of panitumumab has been tested in vitro and in vivo, and inhibition of tumor growth has been observed in numerous cancer models, particularly lung, kidney and colorectal. It has been efficacious and well tolerated both as monotherapy and in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. Several phase I trials, two phase II trials and most recently a phase III trial in pretreated colorectal cancer have been carried out to date. Currently, there is also a randomized phase III trial (Panitumumab Advanced Colorectal Cancer Evaluation Study) investigating the role of panitumumab in the first-line treatment of colorectal cancer. No unfavorable drug-drug interactions have been observed nor has there been any effect on the pharmacokinetics of drugs with which it is being used. Recent progress in preclinical and clinical studies of panitumumab is reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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