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Am J Nephrol. 2006;26(6):536-43. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

Androgen deficiency and endothelial dysfunction in men with end-stage kidney disease receiving maintenance hemodialysis.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES AND METHODS:

Two thirds of men with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) have serum testosterone levels in the hypogonadal range. We examined if low serum testosterone levels were correlated with measures of endothelial dysfunction in ESKD. Bilateral common carotid artery (CCA) intima-media thickness (IMT) and atherosclerotic plaque occurrence, left ventricular mass index, flow- (FMD) and nitrate-mediated vasodilatation (NMD) of the brachial artery were determined by ultrasound imaging in 100 nondiabetic men with ESKD (50 men exhibited androgen deficiency; serum testosterone concentrations <300 ng/dl).

RESULTS:

Left-ventricular mass index, CCA diameter, CCA-IMT and atherosclerotic plaque occurrence were all significantly increased in ESKD patients with androgen deficiency compared with patients without androgen deficiency (p < 0.05). Also, FMD and NMD measurements were significantly reduced in the former compared with the latter (p < 0.05). Testosterone levels were inversely correlated with age and duration of hemodialysis therapy (r = -0.44 and r = -0.55; p < 0.001). Testosterone levels were negatively correlated to CCA-IMT and atherosclerotic plaque occurrence in patients with androgen deficiency (r = -0.32, p < 0.003, and r = -0.23, p < 0.04, respectively). FMD and NMD measurements were positively correlated to total (r = 0.65 and r = 0.61; both p < 0.0001) and free (r = 0.52 and r = 0.48; both p < 0.001) testosterone levels in patients with low androgenicity.

CONCLUSION:

The present results indicated that ESKD patients with androgen deficiency had increased CCA-IMT, atherosclerotic plaque occurrence and reduced FMD and NMD compared with patients without androgen deficiency. Testosterone serum levels were negatively correlated to CCA-IMT and positively correlated to endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in ESKD patients with androgen deficiency.

PMID:
17159341
DOI:
10.1159/000097816
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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