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J Bacteriol. 2007 Mar;189(5):1565-72. Epub 2006 Dec 8.

Role of SpoVA proteins in release of dipicolinic acid during germination of Bacillus subtilis spores triggered by dodecylamine or lysozyme.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular, Microbial, and Structural Biology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030-3305, USA.

Abstract

The release of dipicolinic acid (DPA) during the germination of Bacillus subtilis spores by the cationic surfactant dodecylamine exhibited a pH optimum of approximately 9 and a temperature optimum of 60 degrees C. DPA release during dodecylamine germination of B. subtilis spores with fourfold-elevated levels of the SpoVA proteins that have been suggested to be involved in the release of DPA during nutrient germination was about fourfold faster than DPA release during dodecylamine germination of wild-type spores and was inhibited by HgCl(2). Spores carrying temperature-sensitive mutants in the spoVA operon were also temperature sensitive in DPA release during dodecylamine germination as well as in lysozyme germination of decoated spores. In addition to DPA, dodecylamine triggered the release of amounts of Ca(2+) almost equivalent to those of DPA, and at least one other abundant spore small molecule, glutamic acid, was released in parallel with Ca(2+) and DPA. These data indicate that (i) dodecylamine triggers spore germination by opening a channel in the inner membrane for Ca(2+)-DPA and other small molecules, (ii) this channel is composed at least in part of proteins, and (iii) SpoVA proteins are involved in the release of Ca(2+)-DPA and other small molecules during spore germination, perhaps by being a part of a channel in the spore's inner membrane.

PMID:
17158659
PMCID:
PMC1855772
DOI:
10.1128/JB.01613-06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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