Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Feb 15;165(4):425-34. Epub 2006 Dec 8.

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection in Germany: different risk factors for different age groups.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany. werberd@rki.de

Abstract

The authors conducted a matched case-control study in Germany to identify risk factors for sporadic illness associated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection, regardless of serogroup. From April 2001 through March 2003, cases were prospectively enrolled through a laboratory-based sentinel surveillance system located in 14 of the 16 German federal states. One control was identified per case, matched by age and region. Conditional logistic regression was used in the analysis, which was conducted separately for three age groups (<3 years, 3-9 years, and > or =10 years). The median age of the 202 enrolled cases was 2.5 years (range, 3 months-89 years). Hemolytic uremic syndrome developed in five patients. Non-O157 strains accounted for 85% of the isolated STEC. In children under 3 years of age, having touched a ruminant had the highest odds of disease, and raw milk was the only food identified as a risk factor. In contrast, in persons aged 10 years or older, only food items (i.e., lamb meat, raw spreadable sausages) were significantly associated with illness. In this study, risk factors were age-specific. Direct transmission through food played a lesser role in children under 3 years of age, the population at greatest risk of both acquiring STEC infection and developing hemolytic uremic syndrome.

PMID:
17158472
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwk023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center