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Circ Res. 2006 Dec 8;99(12):1305-14.

Regulation of G protein and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling by ubiquitination: insights from model organisms.

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Department of Biology, Saint Louis University, 128 Macelwane Hall, 3507 Laclede Ave, St Louis, MO 63103, USA.


Guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) and mitogen-activated protein kinases are highly conserved signaling molecules engaged in a wide variety of cellular processes. The strength and duration of signaling mediated by G proteins and mitogen-activated protein kinases are well known to be regulated via phosphorylation of pathway components. Over the past few years, it has become evident that many of the same signaling proteins also undergo ubiquitination, a posttranslational modification that typically leads to protein degradation. Consequently the strength and duration of signaling can also be modulated by regulating the abundance of signaling proteins. This article describes G protein- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-mediated signaling pathways that are known to be regulated by ubiquitination. The focus is on studies performed in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as many principles governing this new regulatory mechanism were initially discovered in this model organism. Similar mechanisms uncovered in other model systems are also briefly discussed to illustrate the importance and universality of signaling regulation by ubiquitination.

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