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Fertil Steril. 2007 Apr;87(4):940-8. Epub 2006 Dec 8.

Reduced postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions using Carbylan-SX, a semisynthetic glycosaminoglycan hydrogel.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108-1257, USA.



To compare the efficacy of crosslinked Carbylan-SX (Carbylan BioSurgery, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) hydrogel films and sprayable gels as physical barriers in reducing postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions in the rat cecum-abdominal wall and rat uterine horn models.


Pre-formed crosslinked Carbylan-SX films and sprayable in situ crosslinkable Carbylan-SX gels were evaluated in rat cecum-abdominal wall and rat uterine horn models and compared with commercially available and clinically used Seprafilm.


University animal research facility.


Female Wistar rats.


Abrasions were made with the foot-pedal-operated Flex-shaft (Dremel, Racine, WI) on both the cecum and abdominal wall (each area 10 mm in diameter) in female rats as one model and on both uterine horns (3 x 10 mm) in female rats as the other model. In each of the two adhesion models, four groups were assigned with eight rats in each group: (1) untreated control, (2) treated with Seprafilm (Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA), (3) treated with preformed Carbylan-SX hydrogel films, and (4) treated with sprayable Carbylan-SX gel.


Extent and severity of postoperative adhesions between the cecum and the abdominal wall in rat cecum-abdominal wall model and between the uterine horns in rat uterine horn model.


The Carbylan-SX film and the Carbylan-SX sprayable gel led to fewer adhesions than Seprafilm in both rat adhesion models. Interestingly, a single physical form was not optimal for both models: the Carbylan film was more efficacious in the rat uterine horn model, whereas Carbylan gel gave the best results in the rat cecum-abdominal wall model.


Both Carbylan-SX film and gel were efficacious in reducing postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation in rat cecum-abdominal wall and uterine horn models.

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