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Phytochemistry. 2007 Feb;68(3):342-54. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

Metabolic profiling and systematic identification of flavonoids and isoflavonoids in roots and cell suspension cultures of Medicago truncatula using HPLC-UV-ESI-MS and GC-MS.

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Plant Biology Division, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, P.O. Box 2180, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA.


An integrated approach utilizing HPLC-UV-ESI-MS and GC-MS was used for the large-scale and systematic identification of polyphenols in Medicago truncatula root and cell culture. Under optimized conditions, we were able to simultaneously quantify and identify 35 polyphenols including 26 isoflavones, 3 flavones, 2 flavanones, 2 aurones and a chalcone. All identifications were based upon UV spectra, mass spectral characteristics of protonated molecules, tandem mass spectral data, mass measurements obtained using a quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (QtofMS), and confirmed through the co-characterization of authentic compounds. In specific instances where the stereochemistry of sugar conjugates was uncertain, subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis of the conjugate followed by GC-MS was used to assign the sugar stereochemical configuration. Comparative metabolic profiling of Medicago truncatula root and cell cultures was then performed and revealed significant differences in the isoflavonoid composition of these two tissues.

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