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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Nov 17;97(20):206806. Epub 2006 Nov 17.

General properties of local plasmons in metal nanostructures.

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Department of Physics, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


Under the quasistatic approximation, the characteristics of a local plasmon resonance of a metal nanostructure exhibit several general properties. The resonance frequency depends on the fraction of plasmon energy residing in the metal through the real dielectric function of the metal. For a given resonant frequency, the Q factor of the resonance is determined only by the complex dielectric function of the metal material, independent of the nanostructure form or the dielectric environment. A simple result describing the effect of optical gain on the Q factor is also obtained.

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