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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2006 Oct;74(4 Pt 2):046705. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

Algorithms for the computation of solutions of the Ornstein-Zernike equation.

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Department of Mathematics, Imperial College, South Kensington, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom.


We introduce a robust and efficient methodology to solve the Ornstein-Zernike integral equation using the pseudoarc length (PAL) continuation method that reformulates the integral equation in an equivalent but nonstandard form. This enables the computation of solutions in regions where the compressibility experiences large changes or where the existence of multiple solutions and so-called branch points prevents Newton's method from converging. We illustrate the use of the algorithm with a difficult problem that arises in the numerical solution of integral equations, namely the evaluation of the so-called no-solution line of the Ornstein-Zernike hypernetted chain (HNC) integral equation for the Lennard-Jones potential. We are able to use the PAL algorithm to solve the integral equation along this line and to connect physical and nonphysical solution branches (both isotherms and isochores) where appropriate. We also show that PAL continuation can compute solutions within the no-solution region that cannot be computed when Newton and Picard methods are applied directly to the integral equation. While many solutions that we find are new, some correspond to states with negative compressibility and consequently are not physical.


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